Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park
Bwindi Impenetrable Forest Reserve was set up in 1942 and later on gazetted to Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in 1992.In 1994, it was acknowledged as the world Heritage site.
“Rukiga” is a language commonly spoke in this area and the word “Bwindi” means Impenetrable. What makes Bwindi Impenetrable is the fact that it covers an area of about 327 km2 of scrambled vegetation draped over an intensively crevice landscape of the steep, conceited ridges as well as the glassy valleys and high.
The terrain may be hard for you to manage but remember it’s what makes Africa an exciting continent. The park has a big population of gorillas. Bwindi is well known to be very cold in the morning and at night. The coolest months are usually June and July and the average temperature is about 70c-200c. When it concerns what to pack for a safari please pack warm clothes because Bwindi is so cold and receives about 2390mm of rain. It has two rain seasons, little rains are in the months of March-May and heavy rains are in the months of September as well as November.The rain in Bwindi takes long hours to stop.
Kibale National Park
Kibale National Park contains one of the prettiest and most varied tracts of tropical forest in Uganda. Forest cover, intermingled with patches of grassland and swamp, dictates the Northern and central parts of the park on an raised plateau.
The park is home to a total of 70 mammal species, most famously 13 species of primate including the chimpanzees.
It also contains over 375 species of birds. Kibale adjoins Queen Elizabeth National Park to the South to create a 180km-long corridor for wildlife between Ishasha, the distant Southern sector of Queen Elizabeth National Park, and Sebitoli in the North of Kibale National Park.
The Kibale-Fort Portal area is one of Uganda’s most a must destinations to explore. The park lies close to the serene Ndali-Kasenda crater area and within half a day’s drive of the Queen Elizabeth, Rwenzori Mountains and Semuliki National Parks, as well as the Toro-Semliki Wildlife Reserve.
Kidepo Valley National Park
Kidepo Valley National Park lies in the rugged, semi arid valleys between Uganda’s borders with Sudan and Kenya, some 700km from Kampala. Gazetted as a national park in 1962, it has a wealth of big game and hosts over 77 mammal species as well as around 475 bird species.
Kidepo is Uganda’s most secluded national park, but the few who make the long journey North through the wild frontier region of Karamoja would agree that it is also the most superlative, for Kidepo ranks among Africa’s finest wildernesses. From Apoka, in the heart of the park, a savannah landscape extends far beyond the gazetted area, towards horizons outlined by distant mountain ranges.
During the dry season, the only permanent water in the park is found in wetlands and relic pools in the broad Narus Valley near Apoka. These seasonal oasis, combined with the open, savannah terrain, make the Narus Valley the park’s most fantastic game viewing location.
Lake Mburo National Park
Lake Mburo National Park is a compact gem, located conveniently close to the highway that connects Kampala to the parks of Western Uganda. It is the minutest of Uganda’s savannah National parks and underlain by ancient Precambrian metamorphic rocks which date back more than 500 million years. It is home to 350 bird species as well as zebra, impala, eland, buffalo, oribi, Defassa waterbuck, leopard, hippo, hyena, topi and reedbuck.
Together with 13 other lakes in the area, Lake Mburo forms part of a 50km-long wetland system interconnected by a swamp. Five of these lakes lie within the park’s borders. Once covered by open savanna, Lake Mburo National Park now contains much woodland as there are no elephants to minimise the vegetation. In the Western part of the park, the savanna is intermingled with rocky ridges and forested gorges while patches of papyrus swamp and narrow bands of lush riparian woodland line many lakes.
Murchison Falls National Park
Murchison Falls National Park lies at the Northern end of the Albertine Rift Valley, where the extensive Bunyoro escarpment flips into vast, palm-dotted savanna. First gazetted as a game reserve in 1926, it is Uganda’s largest and oldest conservation area, hosting 76 species of mammals and 451 birds.
The park is dissected by the Victoria Nile, which nose-dives 45m over the trace rift valley wall, creating the vivid Murchison Falls, the centerpiece of the park and the final event in an 80km stretch of rapids. The mighty cascade drains the last of the river’s energy, transforming it into a broad, placid stream that flows quietly across the rift valley floor into Lake Albert. This stretch of river provides one of Uganda’s most remarkable wildlife spectacles. Regular visitors to the riverbanks include elephants, giraffes and buffaloes; while hippos, Nile crocodiles and aquatic birds are permanent residents.
Notable visitors to the park include Winston Churchill, Theodore Roosevelt, Ernest Hemingway and several British royals.
Queen Elizabeth National Park
Queen Elizabeth National Park is understandably Uganda’s most popular tourist destination. The park’s diverse ecosystems, which include expansive savanna, shady, humid forests, sparkling lakes and fertile wetlands, make it the ideal habitat for classic big game, ten primate species including chimpanzees and over 600 species of birds.
Set against the backdrop of the jagged Rwenzori Mountains, the park’s magnificent panoramas include dozens of enormous craters carved dramatically into rolling green hills, panoramic views of the Kazinga Channel with its banks lined with school of hippos, cape buffalo and African elephants, and the endless Ishasha plains, whose fig trees hide lions ready to pounce on herds of innocent Uganda kob.
As well as its outstanding wildlife attractions, Queen Elizabeth National Park has a mesmerizing cultural history. There are many opportunities for visitors to meet the local communities and enjoy storytelling, dance, music and more. The gazetting of the park has ensured the conservation of its ecosystems, which in turn benefits the surrounding communities
Rwenzori Mountains National Park
The Rwenzori – the tabled Mountains of the Moon – lie in Western Uganda along the Uganda-Congo border. The equatorial snow peaks include the third highest point in Africa, while the lower slopes are blanketed in moorland, bamboo and rich, moist montane forest. Huge tree-heathers and colorful mosses are draped across the mountainside with giant “lobelias” and “everlasting flowers”, creating an enchanting, enchanted scene.
Rwenzori Mountains National Park protects the highest parts of the 120km-long and 65km-wide Rwenzori mountain range. The National park hosts 70 mammals and 217 bird species including 19 Albertine Rift endemics, as well as some of the world’s rarest vegetation.
The Rwenzoris are a world-class hiking and mountaineering destination. A nine to twelve-day trek will get skilled climbers to the summit of Margherita – the highest peak though shorter, non-technical treks are possible to gage the surrounding peaks.
For those who prefer something a little less tireless, neighboring Bakonzo villages offer nature walks, homestead visits home cultural performances and accommodation, including home-cooked local food.